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Are you a person at risk or do you care for elders during the isolation? Here are some tips.

Recently, the Puerto Rico Department of Health advises citizens to stay in their homes permanently, except in urgent cases, to avoid the spread of COVID-19. The purpose is to minimize contact between the population in order to stop the spread. However, part of the population has elderly under their care of during the period of social distancing. It is known that elderly citizens are a very vulnerable group against the virus, so it is very important to take preventive measures to avoid at all costs the risk of contagion that can lead to severe complications. We explain how!

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) has developed essential guidelines for the care of populations at risk based on the information and data received worldwide. If you identify yourself in these categories or have people close to you or in your charge with the following characteristics, don’t miss the following guides.

 

Populations that are considered high risk of contracting COVID-19:

  1. People 65 years or older
  2. People living in a facility such in homes, long-term care
  3. People with chronic lung disease or moderate asthma
  4. People with compromised immune systems. These include people on cancer treatment, who received a recent organ transplant patients, poor immune system, HIV or AIDS, and individuals using long-term medications such as corticosteroids.
  5. People of any age that their body mass index is over 40% in the obesity category (BMI equal to or greater than 40) and / or suffers from any chronic condition such as Diabetes, kidney failure or kidney conditions and is not controlled or stable.
  6. Pregnant women at any gestational time.

 

How to prevent risks of contagion?

We offer you a series of tips to follow to avoid infection and / or complications if you identify yourself as a high-risk person or have people close to you or in your charge with the characteristics:

  1. Stay home, don’t visit public places or receive visitors. Stay away from others. Use other forms of non-physical contact.
  2. Keep your doctor’s and health professional’s contact information so that you can comply with the treatments and you can consult any complications.
  3. Always confirm visits to health professionals, if you need a refill of medications call the professional first before leaving home.
  4. Check if you have enough medications to keep the condition under control, otherwise evaluate when the next repetition will be to coordinate the collection.
  5. Take your medications as directed. In case you have a person in your charge, also follow the instructions for taking medications.
  6. If you require home care, validate if the service was not canceled. If you have a coordinated service, always use a face mask to receive your visit.
  7. Always cover your nose and mouth with disposable towels or handkerchiefs and discard after use immediately in a garbage can. Avoid using cloth scarves.
  8. Do frequent hand washing.
  9. Do not use public transport and avoid transporting people in your car.

 

There is a member of my household infected with coronavirus: what should I do?

  1. Prepare an isolation space for the infected person. Use rules to visit this space, particularly hygiene practices and disinfection items.
  2. Use a mask if you have any kind of interaction.
  3. Discard and do not leave the paper towels or disposable tissues in common places such as tables, chairs, etc.
  4. Limit contact with animals, although there is currently no evidence that animals can contract COVID-19, it is recommended to avoid other health complications.
  5. Do not share personal utensils (glasses, cutlery, plates, towels, etc.)
  6. Clean and disinfect the areas of greatest use in your facilities, home, etc.
  7. Do you have symptoms and do not know if it could be coronavirus?

 

If you are sick or feel like you might get sick, take your temperature, always wear masks, stay isolated and evaluate your symptoms with a health professional. Remember that, within the possibilities, it is preferable to opt for virtual or telehealth alternatives before leaving your home.

 

If you need guidance, you can contact Health Department Alert Phone Line by dialing (787) 999-6202.

References

National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), Division of Viral Diseases, (March 16, 2020).

CDC (2020) Steps to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 if you are sick, recuperado el 3.25.2020 de: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/steps-when-sick.html

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